Monday, July 27, 2020

This Is How to Spot a Lie on a Resume

This Is How to Spot a Lie on a Resume Lying on a resume is strongly unadvisable. And yet it is very common. You are not sure? Take a long look at your own CV.Okay maybe, you tried to be generally honest in your own bio. But how many exaggerations, half-truths and lies by omission can you count? Chances are it is more than 5.As counterintuitive as it is, recruiters are used to lies and can even be open minded to them if it is something they would consider insignificant. Just something sparing the ego of the job candidate.Interestingly enough, a recruiter may love catching a lie on a resume â€" it may give them more information what the candidate chooses to hide than what they choose to show â€" that is, if they catch it.REASONS PEOPLE LIE ON THEIR RESUMEGenerally, lying is a bad idea.First, it may render your entire interview pointless. Recruiters shortlist applicants for interview against strong criteria. If you don’t match it, you shouldn’t have been there in the first place.Second, it will establish a relationship of distrust. If you have lied about being able to speak Spanish, what else have you lied about? That is what the recruiter will think. They will be more suspicious of everything else you say, regardless of whether or not you have given them any other reason to doubt you.Third, it will immediately devalue your application. Once the recruiter is suspicious of your character, you can expect that will damage your reputation. You will not enjoy the same treatment as you would have, had you stayed honest.You may even expect a lower remuneration offer.So, why do people lie?To increase the chance of getting hiredOkay, so the issue is not entirely to blame on the job applicants. Most job offers are incredibly non-inclusive.A job offer or a job description should follow the logic ‘if you can do the job, we will hire you’. It must list the responsibilities, so that the future candidates for the position judge based on their abilities whether they can do the job or not.Instead, what we usua lly have instead of a job description is an applicant description. An applicant description follows the logic ‘if you can be that person, we will hire you’.’In order to apply, you must have an education in Accounting, a minimum of 2 years of experience, and a perfect fluency in Japanese’Applicants are trying to fit into molds that are very difficult to get into.And it often works. According to a 2014 study, quoted here by The Muse, ‘79% of interviewed business owners reported “they had hired employees with mismatched skill sets or who displayed underperformance on the job, despite the claims made on their resume.’To increase their chance of a higher remunerationAs unpleasant as it is, it is true.Your offered remuneration for a position could be fixed by a budget or it could be flexible. In case of a flexible budget the recruiter will offer you a salary based on the productivity they project you will have for your team.The recruiter will base their decision on your prov en history of success: the amount of employees you have led; the budget of the project you have managed; the amount of responsibilities you have had; the amount of time you have spent on that position; on whether or not you have education in the field.With so many factors, an exaggeration or two are usually allowed by the candidate. But those could be very dangerous, if you are caught in the lie.To avoid discussing a sensitive subjectIf a recruiter discovers an attempt to cover gaps in employment, it is more often than not because the candidate is uncomfortable discussing that period of their life. That may include:A mental problem. When overworking comes to bite you in the back and you burn out, you need a good break before you come back to the workforce, but you are worried that will be seen by your future employer as a weakness.A disease. When your health is not so good, it is not your favorite topic to discuss with recruiters. You will be seen as a potential flight risk, to no f ault of your own.Family time. When a mother or a father takes time to spend with the kids, the employer may question how much they prioritize their work to their family.THE MOST COMMON LIES ON A RESUMENow that we have established the many reasons why an applicant may lie in their CV, let us take a look at what lies are the most common and try to identify the profile â€" who would lie about that and why?‘Yes, I have graduated from…’Lying about education is the most common lie a recruiter will come across on a resume.Why?First, there is a lot of reasons to never graduate. Education is expensive. A lot of students try to juggle work and school and fail.Second, graduating college or university could be seen as a failure to manage a long term, expensive project.Third, and most important, failing school could be seen as lack of competence in your field.Younger people’s resume shows less work experience and therefore education would be relatively more important to recruiters. That is why younger people are more prone to lie about finishing their education when they haven’t.‘I am fluent in…’Two cases here and two reasons to lie:If knowing the language is a requirement, the candidate will often lie about their level of fluency in the language so that they pass the screening process. Then they will hope for the best for the interview, when they have a language check. Then you will get the excuses. ‘Yes, my Spanish is a little rusty, I have not used it in a long time…’ and then there come the promises. ‘I was actually planning to sign up for a refreshment course…’.More rarely you will get a candidate lying about being fluent in a language, when that language is not a requirement â€" just to come across as more well-rounded.‘Yes, I worked there…’An applicant will lie about their working history in the following cases:Case #1. They will lie about the amount of time they spent with an employer. More often than not it will be because things did not go well at the end. Perhaps the employee could not pass their trial period and was let go.Case #2. An applicant might have extended the final date of their working agreement if they were trying to cover up a gap. A long amount of time they could not find employment. They would not want to look desperate.Case #3. If it is their only relevant experience, they would want to inflate the amount of time they were employed in the field.‘My computer skills are impeccable…’More often than not lying about computer skills will come from ignorance. It is the Dunning-Kruger effect. ‘I don’t know what I don’t know, so I must be pretty smart!’When people are not particularly educated in a subject the chance is higher that they will overestimate their abilities more dramatically.Being able to check your email, to use a text editor and create a spreadsheet is not considered mad computer skills. When your experience with the Internet is limited to regular Google searches and pos ting selfies on social media, you are not an expert.It is usually middle-aged people who fall into this category.Learn more about the Dunning-Kruger effect by watching this video: ‘You could say I was almost the team lead…’Exaggerating the level of responsibility and contribution is another very common form of lying on your resume.That one is pretty harmless. Since it would have to be heavily supported by some acting work on the interview.The applicant would be trying to convince the interviewer of their importance in their previously held positions.It is very easy to catch, too. The applicant will continue saying ‘almost’. ‘You know I had so many responsibilities I was almost the team lead’, ‘I was also almost promoted’, ‘I was almost always the person to come and save the day’. ‘I was almost made responsible for the most important project in the company’.‘I was regularly employee of the month…’Lying about awards and accomplishments is common when an applicant has low confidence about the achievements in their CV.That is often the case with applicants whose work history is short not for lack of experience but for sticking with the same employer for too long.They are afraid of being seen as not ambitious enough. And they are worried their future employer may expect for them to be loyal without offering them progress or opportunities.‘I was generously compensated for my labor’Lying about your remuneration is perhaps the easiest lie to understand. If you are used to a particular standard your future employer will be more willing to offer you that higher salary.Moreover, your pay is often seen as an indication of your worth. It is easy to think the recruiter will consider you as a more valuable employee if you were better paid.Combine that with the fact that salaries are often a subject of privacy and are very hard to check even when you have a list of contacts for reference, and you have yourself the perfect storm.Obviously, a pplicants who feel were underpaid are most prone to lie about their remuneration.‘I am single. No, I don’t see myself as a parent any time soon.’Sad, but true. People who are planning to create a family for themselves soon will lie (often by omission) about their age, their marital status, and, when it comes to the interview, about their plans for the future.New mothers and fathers are unfortunately not protected very well by law from the employer when they want to spend time with their family.And even if they are, the employer will not always enjoy missing an employee for a prolonged amount of time, even if it was for a good reason.Women are more likely to lie about their plans for having kids.HOW TO SPOT A LIE ON A RESUMEBy now you must agree there could be many reasons for an applicant for a job to lie on their resume. Some are legitimate, some are toxic for the employer-employee relationship.Therefore, you must also agree it is still the job of the recruiter to verify the entire information about an applicant’s profile.They need to detect and deal with a lie, whether it is a harmless exaggeration or a significant deception.If a recruiter is serious about their research, there are easy techniques to verify if what they have been told matches the truth. This section of the article will tell you how lies on a resume come up most often.Skill evaluationAs easy as a piece of cake. Most lies come out during a simple skill evaluation on your first or second interview in person.You are fluent in Spanish, maybe you won’t mind verifying that via a short conversation. Or do you?You are a computer expert? Then perhaps you won’t mind answering several questions about this programing language that we use.The applicant will stumble and stutter and excuse themselves. They will say they feel very distracted today…To put it simply, the lie will come out and the interview will take a turn for the awkward. The applicant will feel embarrassed and the interviewer w ill know someone has lost their time.Social media researchA simple social media search will immediately speak about two qualities in an applicant. 70% of employers will use social media to snoop on candidates.First, the recruiter will immediately know how much they value their privacy. Most social networks will have protections against strangers stalking them. If they have not taken care to protect themselves their information will be publicly available.Second, the recruiter will notice how technically savvy the applicants are. The type of content they share, the type of images they post, they will speak of the character of the applicant.And a third, bonus point, depending on their social media habits and their level of privacy, hints may be available of the applicants’ working history and education here and there.Reference checkAt the end of the interview, the recruiter will ask the applicant about their reference list. It must be a list of between three and eight contacts that a re relevant to the candidate’s working history.The recruiter will use that to verify the amount of time the employee has spent with the company, their main responsibilities, the main qualities the company considered valuable with them. They will also try to verify their salary, but they will only be successful if the company has a transparency policy when it comes to remuneration.Even if it is a golden opportunity to catch a liar, reference check does not always take place. If the future employer is in a hurry to fill in the position, and if it is a job post with big employee turnover, they may not bother.NetworkingA reference check is not always needed. The higher the level of the position, the greatest the effort of the hiring manager will be to verify the character of their applicants.If the risk is too high, the hiring manager will call in favors from their friends in other companies to vouch for the person they are planning to hire.An innocent meeting to grab a coffee with th e wrong person can make or break your interview.Background checkIn some countries it is the practice for agencies to perform background check on job applicants.The investigators will perform a check on all facts from your resume that are publicly available and all that can easily be verified with an institution or an employer:Your graduation statusYour criminal recordYour medical recordYour or marital statusYour employment historyYour employment achievementsIf you lied about your education, your age, you having kids, or your reason to terminate your last labor agreement, you might be in trouble.Character assessmentA recruiter with years of experience will have developed a very strong intuition about when they are being lied to.Not only that, they will have knowledge in organizational psychology and will use various tools and techniques to assess your character, and particularly carefully, how honest you are being.They will ask you ‘trick questions’ to check if you are willing to step out of your comfort zone and talk about your flaws:What would you say is your greatest weakness?Can you tell me the greatest challenge you had during your last big project and how you overcame it?Can you list several shortcomings you felt you had when working with your last employer?How do you feel this interview is going for you?Pause too long, stutter before you talk, or say something too self-confident. Your bravado will immediately disappear and your recruiter will see right past your false self-esteem.WHAT HAPPENS WHEN A LIE IS DISCOVEREDOn the one hand, lying on resumes and on interviews is not the best way to go. They create an air of distrust during the interview, and, possibly, during the employment. In some cases, a lie on one resume may create future recruitment issues for you.On the other hand lying in one form or another is so common that recruiters and employers have become desensitized to it. They can be tolerant of one or two white lies here or there if the app licant seems to be overall a well-rounded person. And skilled enough to do the job.How do recruiters decide where to draw the line?How serious is the lie?In other words, the first thing the recruiter will consider is how far away from the truth the CV puts the applicant.An honest mistake to overestimate one’s skills is easy to look over. A good example is not being really good at a language that is not crucial to the position. A simple test will prove the level of fluency. The lie will not go too far. And maybe the candidate was honestly in the dark about how much their language skills have deteriorated.Lying by omission about education is also easy to go over. So you went through your courses but you never found time to write your thesis? That is not immediately obvious in your resume, but it could be overlooked.How brazen is the lie?Here are several examples where the hiring manager will cut you no slack. If you were:Coming up with a fantastic number about the salary you receive d with your previous employersAdding an education you never actually attendedAdding working history for employers you never worked forDramatically exaggerating your skills in a field that is crucial for the position you are applying forTo put it simply, the further your lies put you from being competent for the position and the more the hiring manager is convinced you are intentionally trying to mislead them, the less chance you have to get to job and the higher the chance for you to face some more significant consequences for your lies.Is the candidate a prospect?A brilliant looking resume, especially for a difficult position to close will raise the hopes of a hiring manager. When applications are rare each one is checked and considered with care. Good talent is rare to find.You do not want to submit a lying resume in such a situation. First, being one of several applicants, your lies will be more obvious. You will be discovered sooner or later.And second, you will betray the high hopes of your recruiters. Imagine they skipped on the chance to meet someone else because they were pursuing a meeting with you.You might be facing heavy consequences. If they were using a paid investigator for your background check, chances are high your name is entering a databased, labeled as a liar.CONCLUSIONA white lie or exaggeration here or there might easily be overlooked. But try not going too far.Have a very critical look at your resume today. How many of your claims can you cover by facts â€" diplomas, certificates, labor contracts?Are you really as good as you say you are in your listed skills? How marketable are those?Be critical. It is better to be honest with a more humble resume than to have a flashy CV and no job.

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Life of Louis Armstrong Essays - 2727 Words

The Life of Louis Armstrong He was known as the greatest of all jazz musicians. He defined what it really was to play genuine jazz music and taught the world to swing. He included joy, spontaneity, and amazing technical abilities. Louis Armstrong was a genius when it came to his inventive musical ability. In this paper, I will tell you about who Armstrong was, his early childhood, accomplishments, and his living legacy. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana which is famously known as the birth place of jazz. Armstrong was born into a very poor family in a rough area in New Orleans. His father was a factory worker who abandoned the family soon after Armstrong was born. Consequently, he was raised by his†¦show more content†¦Louis Blues, Clarence Williams, and the Red Onions Jazz Babies. By this time, Armstrong had gained enough individual attention to make his recording debut as a leader in 1925 when he returned to Chicago. He joined his wifes band at the Dreamland Cafà © , and also played in Erskine Tates Vendome Orchestra and then with Carrol Dickensons Orchestra at the Sunset Cafà ©. That same year Armstrong recorded his first Hot Five records, which was the first time he made records under his own name. Any of the records that were made by Louis Armstrongs Hot Five and Hot Seven were considered to be Jazz classics. Their band continued recording until 1928, but never played live. This music set a standard and the agenda for jazz in the many years to follow. Armstrongs trumpet introduction to West End Blues is very famous. It has yet to be surpassed and remains as one of the greatest recorded moments of jazz. While Louis was working at the Sunset Cafà ©, he met Joe Glaser, who became his manager. Glaser was his manager until he died. Armstrong led his own band; they were called Louis Armstrong and his Stompers. Louis had become a big star by 1929. He occasionally appeared with the Luis Russell Orchestra, with Dave Peyton, and Fletcher Henderson, and also toured with the show Hot Chocolates. In Chicago in 1931 Armstrong assembled his own band for touring purposes. When heShow MoreRelatedLouis Armstrong s Life, His Music And Influence On Others1565 Words   |  7 Pagesdo my project on is Louis Armstrong. I chose Louis Armstrong because I wanted to do my project on a singer as well as a musician. I chose him because he was one of the few people that I knew about, also because I did some research on him and listened to his music and I thought that he was interesting to write about. My main three things that I’m going to discuss about Louis Armstrong will be his life, his music and influence on others. I’m going to describe how and where Louis Armstrong’s grew upRead MoreLouis Armstrong And Jazz Age1128 Words   |  5 PagesGreat Gatsby. One singer that was popular in the 1920s was Louis Armstrong he was known as the King of Jazz. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans he was the son of a prostitute and an absent father. Louis Armstrong grew up with his grandparents because his parents had separated and left him. His mother finally came back, but then left once more. Louis Armstrong grew up around music. He influenced jazz with his great voiceRead MoreLouis Armstrong Essay850 Words   |  4 PagesLouis Armstrong Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana on August 4, 1901 to Mayanne and William Armstrong. His father abandoned his family during Louis infancy. Louis spent the first years of his life with his grandmother, Josephine Armstrong. After age five, Louis moved back with his mother and his sister, Mama Lucy. The family was forced to live in stark poverty. Louis got into some trouble when he was just 12 years old and was placed in the Waifs Home for Boys. It wasRead MoreLouis Armstrong and His Music Essay1366 Words   |  6 PagesLouis Armstrong and His Music â€Å"The essence of jazz- making something new out of something old, making something personal out of something shared- has no finer exemplar than Armstrong.† (Hasse par. 3) During the 1920’s a young African American man, otherwise known as Louis Armstrong, helped create and represent a new twist on popular music. This music that became so famous and well loved today is also referred to as jazz. Louis Armstrong had a very successful jazz career performing and composingRead MoreLouis Armstrong Essay1547 Words   |  7 PagesLouis Armstrong He was born in the south at a time when a black boy could expect nothing but to grow up, work hard at the lowest jobs all his life, and hope somehow, somewhere manage to stay healthy and get a little out of life.(P.1 Collier) Get a little out of life Louis did, a pure genius he revolutionized Americas first true form of art, jazz. Doing a paper on Louis Armstrong has been enjoyable to do and the information that is available on Armstrong is endless. So much that this paperRead More Louis Armstrong Essay1336 Words   |  6 Pages Louis Armstrongs Influential Career Louis Armstrong’s Influential Career Louis Armstrong was the most successful and talented jazz musician in history. His influence and expansive career continues to make waves in the jazz world. That is what made him become what he is to many today – a legend. Born on August 4, 1901, in the poorest section of New Orleans, Armstrong grew up with his grandparents due to his parents’ separation. On January 1, 1913 he made a mistake which turned out to be theRead MoreImportance of Louis Armstrong1568 Words   |  7 PagesLouis Armstrong Louis Armstrong was the greatest of all Jazz musicians. Armstrong defined what it was to play Jazz. His amazing technical abilities, the joy and spontaneity, and amazingly quick, inventive musical mind still dominate Jazz to this day. Only Charlie Parker comes close to having as much influence on the history of Jazz as Louis Armstrong did. Like almost all early Jazz musicians, Louis was from New Orleans. He was from a very poor family and was sent to reform school when he was twelveRead More Biography of Louis Armstrong Essay1236 Words   |  5 PagesLouis Armstrong was born in one of the poorest sections in New Orleans, August 4, 1901. Louis a hard-working kid who helped his mother and sister by working every type of job there was, including going out on street corners at night to singing for coins. Slowly making money, Louis bought his first horn, a cornet. At age eleven Armstrong was sent to juvenile Jones Home for the colored waifs for firing a pistol on New Year’s Eve. W hile in jail Armstrong received his first formal music lesson from oneRead MoreLouis Armstrong And The Harlem Renaissance950 Words   |  4 Pagesartists arose. Louis Armstrong was one of the most well known jazz artist of his time. Louis Armstrong was a trumpeter, bandleader, singer, soloist, film star, and comedian. He was considered one of the most influential artists in jazz history. Louis Armstrong was a famous musician during the Harlem renaissance because of his skills with a trumpet. Louis Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was raised by Mary Albert his mother and not so much by William Armstrong his fatherRead MoreEssay on Biography of Louis Armstrong1423 Words   |  6 Pagesthem. Louis Armstrong’s life was similar to this. Armstrong strived and strived until he reached to a point in his life where he was comfortable with his fourth wife, Lucille Wilson. Armstrong is ultimately known as the creator of jazz and blues. He was awarded this title by using his talents when he was a young boy growing up in a rough neighborhood. Armstrong’s talent was a result of his childhood and young adult life. Growing up, Armstrong was exposed to music in his surroundings. Armstrong obtained

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Care Giving for the Mexican Elderly - 1016 Words

â€Å"Ageing means an increase in life expectancy, prevalence of chronic disease, and need for health and social care services† (Vladislavovna, 2010, 1). Older people need formal and informal support systems to insure independence and an overall good quality of life. Families friends play a big role in the lives of aging Mexican elderly, â€Å"a social network is the collection of interpersonal and communal bonds that people have throughout their lives to establish social relations that satisfy certain needs, and maintain their wellbeing† (Vladislavovna, 2010, 1) this is going to serve even more importance as the aging population is living longer and the number of older individuals is increasing. Those with a â€Å"high degree of functional, mental, or†¦show more content†¦In addition to financial circumstances, women also tend to become more dependent than men due to their increased longevity and a â€Å"higher incidence of chronic diseases and incapacityâ €  (Gomez, 2007, 545). Care Giving Support is demonstrated often in the form of care giving for the Mexican elderly; it is done mostly by family members for reasons previously mentioned. â€Å"A low utilization rate of nursing homes by the elderly in Mexico City suggests that the daily needs of older adults are being met elsewhere, particularly by informal care networks. These data underlie the pervasive belief in Mexico that the family is the main resource and caregiver to elderly members† (Mendez-Luck, 2008, 266). Co residence may make the task of care giving more manageable in some cases, â€Å"one in every four adult children lives with their elderly parents† (Gomez, 2007, 548). The are several challenges that come along with the dependence on informal care giving, unfortunately it â€Å"falls within the scope of unpaid care work-activities that serve others, require time and energy, and are not financially rewarded† (Mendez-Luck, 2008, 266). This is becoming more of an issue due to the declining trend in fertility rate; people are having fewer children which is putting a strain on the informal care giving support systems. People are being forced to balance their personal goals and occupations with the sacrifices that they have to make for theirShow MoreRelatedThe American Of The Mexican American Family Care Of Older Adults752 Words   |  4 Pagesminority groups. Like many other ethnic groups Mexican Americans take the responsibility of taking care of their elders at homes instead of other alternatives like long-term facilities and nursing homes. The purpose of this study was to determine the loyalty the young adult have towards their elders. Weath er they will take care of their elders once they are no longer able to take of themselves or if they are going to send them to nursing home. Most of the Mexican American families still have a very strongRead MoreMexico, Moving Forward1002 Words   |  5 Pagesconditions in Mexico. In recent times the Mexican government has made efforts to bridge the enormous gap in education, such as the â€Å"Oportunidades† program. However the results of their efforts have been very minimal. Statistics show that â€Å"just 21 percent of Mexicans aged 25-34 have completed high school, compared with 95 percent of South Koreans† and only about â€Å"8 percent of Mexicans 18+, holds a Bachelors degree† (Jackson, 2005, 17). Education amongst the elderly population is even scarcer, the percentageRead More Illegal Immigration Essays1289 Words   |  6 PagesIllegal Immigration and Health Care With the economy of the United States in shambles, illegal immigration and the effects it has on health care can no longer be ignored. America has a whole needs to be concerned and well informed of the issues rather than collecting information piecemeal by way of media or other biased groups. If illegal immigration stays its present course the American tax-payer will continue to fund the well being of individuals who have broken federal rules and regulationsRead MoreThe Latino Journey in the United States: Immigrants Essay1693 Words   |  7 Pagesorganizations like the League of United States Latin American Citizens (LULAC) and El Congreso de Pueblos de Habla Espaà ±ola (the Spanish-Speaking People’s Congress) organized Spanish-speaking people to try to harness their political power more effectively, giving Spanish speaking communities a voice in the political system for the first time (Ruiz, 666). For example, LULAC, modeled somewhat after the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), orchestrated successful voter registrationRead MoreHeritage Assessment Tool For The Field Of Medicine And Health Essay1517 Words   |  7 PagesHeritage assessment will help the nurses and other healthcare providers to provide proper treatment plan, the patients understanding about the disease, their beliefs and practices and to be considered and respected when providing culturally competent care. Heritage assessment tool provides an excellent tool to evaluate the beliefs and lifestyle of an individual and thereby helping healthcare providers to understand a person in entirety. Traditional and cultural health methods are used in health maintenanceRead MoreLife Is A Big Cycle Of Psychology1701 Words   |  7 Pagesevents that intimidate people and tax their handling capabilities. People may use different coping abilities. Coping is how we make an effort to decipher issues and reduce stress. Stress reacts with our body; you may get a stoma ch ache right before giving a public speech. Chronic stress interferes with your ability to live a normal life. The longer the stress lasts the lasts the worse it becomes for both the body and the brain. According to APA stress can make existing issues worse, chronic stressRead MoreDrug Policy, Prescription Drugs, And The United States1393 Words   |  6 Pagesbut remains to adequately provide the relief America needs when it comes to reducing the overall drug use problem in the United States. When I think about current policy, I know how important it is for America to secure borders and not only reduce Mexican meth, but production of meth within the United States borders. Also, the continuance of offering treatment options to offenders, relieving some of the burden on our overcrowded prison system. Finding effective ways for abusers of any substance toRead MoreEssay on Cultural Competency and Health Disparities2415 Words   |  10 Pages The United States’ population is currently rising exponentially and with growth comes demographic shifts. Some of the demographics shifts include the population growth of Hispanics, increase in senior citizens especially minority elderly, increase in number of residents who do not speak English, increase in foreign-born residents, population trends of people from different sexual orientation, and trends of people with disabilities (Perez Luquis, 2009). As a public health practitioner, the onlyRead More Themes in Rain of Gold, by Victor Villasenor Essay2732 Words   |  11 Pages Rain of Gold, is a true story about the history of Mexican people, their culture, traditions and customs that were passed down from the Euro-Indian heritage of Mexico. Rain of Gold was written by Juan Villasenor in search for his ancestral roots. The people of this story are real and not fiction. The places that are discussed are true. And the incidents did actually happen to his family . There are several underlying themes that need addressing. Such as: the importance of family, theRead MorePrincess Diana Essay example1691 Words   |  7 PagesLondon and every part of the world, along with the royal families of the two, sat and watched the fairy tale begin right before their eyes (Hall 35). Along with the guests of the wedding, seven hundred fifty million Americans, Japanese, and even Mexicans watched the wedding live on television (The Prince 2). One June 22, 1982, Princess Diana gave birth to her first son, Prince William. Excitement raged throughout the royal family. They were excited to receive a baby boy to be the heir to the throne

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Financial Analysis of Agl Limited Free Essays

GAL has a current ratio of less than 2 and less than PAP in 2012 meaning it does not have a satisfactory amount of current asset to cover its current liabilities. However, when it comes to 2012, both current ratio and quick ratio has a positive improvement showing GAL did not improve its short-term liquidity by stocking high level of inventory but really increased its level of cash and receivables. On the other hand, the operating cash flow ratio of GAL has reduced in 2012 meanings the decrease of ability to generate cash from operation. We will write a custom essay sample on Financial Analysis of Agl Limited or any similar topic only for you Order Now The increased amount of cash but decrease amount of ability to generate cash reveals that GAL increase its amount of cash by financing activities like issue of shares and borrowing. This activity makes Debt and coverage There are five ratios measuring the debt and coverage of a company. They are three debt ratios, Liabilities to Equity ratio, Debt to Equity Ratio and Capital Structure Leverage, Interest Coverage and Operating Cash Flow Ratio. All debt ratios of GAL have a sudden and great increase in 2012. It indicates that GAL increase its cash mainly by borrowing rather than issue share. This practice calling debt financing can get tax deduction which is more beneficial than equity financing. The company’s interest coverage has dropped significantly discloses the decline of ability to pay interest due to the great amount of borrowing. However, when compared to PAP, the debt ratios of GAL still are not as great as that of PAP and GAL has higher interest coverage. This shows GAL is not in a very bad situation in borrowing. Efficiency The efficiency of GAL has decreased compared to last two year showing by the remover ratio such as Account Receivable, Inventory and Fixed Asset turnover. Nevertheless, the turnover rates of GAL are still greater than PAP and that of PAP are at the same time decrease. This may expose the fact that the efficiency of the industry is lower in 2012. Overall, GAL has a very poor performance in 2012. Although this may be due to the low efficiency of the industry, the main reason is the low profitability of GAL together with the huge borrowing. The fact that GAL did not make the best use of the borrowing is brought to light. How to cite Financial Analysis of Agl Limited, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Mary Rowlandson Essays (499 words) - Mary Rowlandson,

Mary Rowlandson Mary Rowlandson wrote a narrative about hardships she faced during her captivity, in a journal. Despite her suffering she thanked God for her life and his mercy. Rowlandson wrote during the colonial period and is an example of a puritan writer for many reasons. As a typical Puritan writer would, Rowlandson chose to write about God, religious beliefs, and her hardships. After the death of her child Rowlandson thanked God for, preserving me. This statement clearly reveals her faith in fate and Gods will. In the narrative she also describes her daily life as a capture. Rowlandson writes that she was calling for my pay, after she made a shirt for one of the Indians. After that, she was called again to perform the same task and was paid a knife. Like the puritans Rowlandson uses a pain style of writing. The language she uses is uncomplicated and easy to understand. She dose not use references to other books except the bible. In one instance she compares the Indians to Jehu, the Israelite king who slew Ahab and all his men, like Jehu, they marched on furiously. She also compares her experiences to the bible. Rowlandson makes it clear that the Indians did not comfort her after It died. Trying to explain the way she felt at that moment, she writes, as he said. He is a Biblical allusion to Job. Like Rowlandson, he also lost his children. Mary Rowlandson expressed Puritan beliefs in her writing. She wrote, still the lord upheld me, with her sick child in her lap. Puritans believed they must endure the hardships they faced in the New World and be faithful to their church in order to be forgiven for their sins. She also comments, on tobacco being, bait the devil lays, to make men loose their time. Puritans believe that idleness is the devil's workshop. In the narrative of her captivity, Rowlandson uses Puritan themes. The Puritans often choose themes that include thoughts about man as a sinner, God as omnipotent, life being simple and fate. She does not try to change her situation by rebelling or speaking for herself. Instead she gives in to fate, and so it must be, and the will of god. She also gives God credit for giving her power over it,(tobacco) when she decided to quite smoking. Rowlandsons journal is a captivity narrative, which is one of the kinds of genres that Puritans use. The Puritans also wrote nonfiction diaries, sermons, histories, and poetry. Rowlandson wrote this journal after she was held captive by the Narragansett Indians, during King Philip's War in the 1670s. In conclusion, Mary Rowlandson is a Puritan writer because of her topic of writing, style of writing, theme, religious beliefs, and the kind of genre she uses. All of her writing leads to God and her faith in the bible. History Essays

Friday, March 20, 2020

The Myth of Er From the Republic of Plato

The Myth of Er From the Republic of Plato The Myth of Er from Platos Republic tells the story of a soldier, Er, who is thought to be dead and descends to the underworld. But when he revives he is sent back to tell humanity what awaits them in the afterlife.    Er describes an afterlife where the just are rewarded and the wicked are punished. Souls are then reborn into a new body and a new life, and the new life they choose will reflect how they have lived in their previous life and the state of their soul at death.   The Myth of Er (Jowett Translation) Well, I said, I will tell you a tale; not one of the tales which Odysseus tells to the hero Alcinous, yet this too is a tale of a hero, Er the son of Armenius, a Pamphylian by birth. He was slain in battle, and ten days afterwards, when the bodies of the dead were taken up already in a state of corruption, his body was found unaffected by decay, and carried away home to be buried. And on the twelfth day, as he was lying on the funeral pile, he returned to life and told them what he had seen in the other world. He said that when his soul left the body he went on a journey with a great company, and that they came to a mysterious place at which there were two openings in the earth; they were near together, and over against them were two other openings in the heaven above. In the intermediate space there were judges seated, who commanded the just, after they had given judgment on them and had bound their sentences in front of them, to ascend by the heavenly way on the right hand; and in like manner the unjust were bidden by them to descend by the lower way on the left hand; these also bore the symbols of their deeds, but fastened on their backs. He drew near, and they told him that he was to be the messenger who would carry the report of the other world to men, and they bade him hear and see all that was to be heard and seen in that place. Then he beheld and saw on one side the souls departing at either opening of heaven and earth when sentence had been given on them; and at the two other openings other souls, some ascending out of the earth dusty and worn with travel, some descending out of heaven clean and bright. And arriving ever and anon they seemed to have come from a long journey, and they went forth with gladness into the meadow, where they encamped as at a festival; and those who knew one another embraced and conversed, the souls which came from earth curiously enquiring about the things above, and the souls which came from heaven about the things beneath. And they told one another of what had happened by the way, those from below weeping and sorrowing at the remembrance of the things which they had endured and seen in their journey beneath the earth (now the journey lasted a thousand years), while those from above were describing heavenly delights and visions of inconceivable beauty. The story, Glaucon, would take too long to tell; but the sum was this:- He said that for every wrong which they had done to any one they suffered tenfold; or once in a hundred years- such being reckoned to be the length of mans life, and the penalty being thus paid ten times in a thousand years. If, for example, there were any who had been the cause of many deaths, or had betrayed or enslaved cities or armies, or been guilty of any other evil behavior, for each and all of their offences they received punishment ten times over, and the rewards of beneficence and justice and holiness were in the same proportion. I need hardly repeat what he said concerning young children dying almost as soon as they were born. Of piety and impiety to gods and parents, and of murderers, there were retributions other and greater far which he described. He mentioned that he was present when one of the spirits asked another, Where is Ardiaeus the Great? (Now this Ardiaeus lived a thousand years before the time of Er: he had been the tyrant of some city of Pamphylia, and had murdered his aged father and his elder brother, and was said to have committed many other abominable crimes.) The answer of the other spirit was: He comes not hither and will never come. And this, said he, was one of the dreadful sights which we ourselves witnessed. We were at the mouth of the cavern, and, having completed all our experiences, were about to reascend, when of a sudden Ardiaeus appeared and several others, most of whom were tyrants; and there were also besides the tyrants private individuals who had been great criminals: they were just, as they fancied, about to return into the upper world, but the mouth, instead of admitting them, gave a roar, whenever any of these incurable sinners or some one who had not been sufficiently punished tried to ascend; and then wild men of fiery aspect, who were standing by and heard the sound, seized and carried them off; and Ardiaeus and others they bound head and foot and hand, and threw them down and flayed them with scourges, and dragged them along the road at the side, carding them on thorns like wool, and declaring to the passers-by what were their crimes, and that they were being taken away to be cast into hell. And of all the many terrors which they had endured, he said that there was none like the terror which each of them felt at that moment, lest they should hear the voice; and when there was silence, one by one they ascended with exceeding joy. These, said Er, were the penalties and retributions, and there were blessings as great. Now when the spirits which were in the meadow had tarried seven days, on the eighth they were obliged to proceed on their journey, and, on the fourth day after, he said that they came to a place where they could see from above a line of light, straight as a column, extending right through the whole heaven and through the earth, in colour resembling the rainbow, only brighter and purer; another days journey brought them to the place, and there, in the midst of the light, they saw the ends of the chains of heaven let down from above: for this light is the belt of heaven, and holds together the circle of the universe, like the under-girders of a trireme. From these ends is extended the spindle of Necessity, on which all the revolutions turn. The shaft and hook of this spindle are made of steel, and the whorl is made partly of steel and also partly of other materials. Now the whorl is in form like the whorl used on earth; and the description of it implied that there is one large hollow whorl which is quite scooped out, and into this is fitted another lesser one, and another, and another, and four others, making eight in all, like vessels which fit into one another; the whorls show their edges on the upper side, and on their lower side all together form one continuous whorl. This is pierced by the spindle, which is driven home through the centre of the eighth. The first and outermost whorl has the rim broadest, and the seven inner whorls are narrower, in the following proportions- the sixth is next to the first in size, the fourth next to the sixth; then comes the eighth; the seventh is fifth, the fifth is sixth, the third is seventh, last and eighth comes the second. The largest (or fixed stars) is spangled, and the seventh (or sun) is brightest; the eighth (or moon) coloured by the reflected light of the seventh; the second and fifth (Saturn and Mercury) are in colour like one another, and yellower than the preceding; the third (Venus) has the whitest light; the fourth (Mars) is reddish; the sixth (Jupiter) is in whiteness second. Now the whole spindle has the same motion; but, as the whole revolves in one direction, the seven inner circles move slowly in the other, and of these the swiftest is the eighth; next in swiftness are the seventh, sixth, and fifth, which move together; third in swiftness appeared to move according to the law of this reversed motion the fourth; the third appeared fourth and the second fifth. The spindle turns on the knees of Necessity; and on the upper surface of each circle is a siren, who goes round with them, hymning a single tone or note. The eight together form one harmony; and round about, at equal intervals, there is another band, three in number, each sitting upon her throne: these are the Fates, daughters of Necessity, who are clothed in white robes and have chaplets upon their heads, Lachesis and Clotho and Atropos, who accompany with their voices the harmony of the sirens- Lachesis singing of the past, Clotho of the present, Atropos of the future; Clotho from time to time assisting with a touch of her right hand the revolution of the outer circle of the whorl or spindle, and Atropos with her left hand touching and guiding the inner ones, and Lachesis laying hold of either in turn, first with one hand and then with the other. When Er and the spirits arrived, their duty was to go at once to Lachesis; but first of all there came a prophet who arranged them in order; then he took from the knees of Lachesis lots and samples of lives, and having mounted a high pulpit, spoke as follows: Hear the word of Lachesis, the daughter of Necessity. Mortal souls, behold a new cycle of life and mortality. Your genius will not be allotted to you, but you will choose your genius; and let him who draws the first lot have the first choice, and the life which he chooses shall be his destiny. Virtue is free, and as a man honours or dishonours her he will have more or less of her; the responsibility is with the chooser- God is justified. When the Interpreter had thus spoken he scattered lots indifferently among them all, and each of them took up the lot which fell near him, all but Er himself (he was not allowed), and each as he took his lot perceived the number which he had obtained. Then the Interpreter placed on the ground before them the samples of lives; and there were many more lives than the souls present, and they were of all sorts. There were lives of every animal and of man in every condition. And there were tyrannies among them, some lasting out the tyrants life, others which broke off in the middle and came to an end in poverty and exile and beggary; and there were lives of famous men, some who were famous for their form and beauty as well as for their strength and success in games, or, again, for their birth and the qualities of their ancestors; and some who were the reverse of famous for the opposite qualities. And of women likewise; there was not, however, any definite character in them, because the soul, when choosing a new life, must of necessity become different. But there was every other quality, and the all mingled with one another, and also with elements of wealth and poverty, and disease and health; and there were mean states also. And here, my dear Glaucon, is the supreme peril of our human state; and therefore the utmost care should be taken. Let each one of us leave every other kind of knowledge and seek and follow one thing only, if peradventure he may be able to learn and may find some one who will make him able to learn and discern between good and evil, and so to choose always and everywhere the better life as he has opportunity. He should consider the bearing of all these things which have been mentioned severally and collectively upon virtue; he should know what the effect of beauty is when combined with poverty or wealth in a particular soul, and what are the good and evil consequences of noble and humble birth, of private and public station, of strength and weakness, of cleverness and dullness, and of all the natural and acquired gifts of the soul, and the operation of them when conjoined; he will then look at the nature of the soul, and from the consideration of all these qualities he will be able to determine which is the better and which is the worse; and so he will choose, giving the name of evil to the life which will make his soul more unjust, and good to the life which will make his soul more just; all else he will disregard. For we have seen and know that this is the best choice both in life and after death. A man must take with him into the world below an adamantine faith in truth and right, that there too he may be undazzled by the desire of wealth or the other allurements of evil, lest, coming upon tyrannies and similar villainies, he do irremediable wrongs to others and suffer yet worse himself; but let him know how to choose the mean and avoid the extremes on either side, as far as possible, not only in this life but in all that which is to come. For this is the way of happiness. And according to the report of the messenger from the other world this was what the prophet said at the time: Even for the last comer, if he chooses wisely and will live diligently, there is appointed a happy and not undesirable existence. Let not him who chooses first be careless, and let not the last despair. And when he had spoken, he who had the first choice came forward and in a moment chose the greatest tyranny; his mind having been darkened by folly and sensuality, he had not thought out the whole matter before he chose, and did not at first sight perceive that he was fated, among other evils, to devour his own children. But when he had time to reflect, and saw what was in the lot, he began to beat his breast and lament over his choice, forgetting the proclamation of the prophet; for, instead of throwing the blame of his misfortune on himself, he accused chance and the gods, and everything rather than himself. Now he was one of those who came from heaven, and in a former life had dwelt in a well-ordered State, but his virtue was a matter of habit only, and he had no philosophy. And it was true of others who were similarly overtaken, that the greater number of them came from heaven and therefore they had never been schooled by trial, whereas the pilgrims who came from earth having themselves suffered and seen others suffer, were not in a hurry to choose. And owing to this inexperience of theirs, and also because the lot was a chance, many of the souls exchanged a good destiny for an evil or an evil for a good. For if a man had always on his arrival in this world dedicated himself from the first to sound philosophy, and had been moderately fortunate in the number of the lot, he might, as the messenger reported, be happy here, and also his journey to another life and return to this, instead of being rough and underground, would be smooth and heavenly. Most curious, he said, was the spectacle- sad and laughable and strange; for the choice of the souls was in most cases based on their experience of a previous life. There he saw the soul which had once been Orpheus choosing the life of a swan out of enmity to the race of women, hating to be born of a woman because they had been his murderers; he beheld also the soul of Thamyras choosing the life of a nightingale; birds, on the other hand, like the swan and other musicians, wanting to be men. The soul which obtained the twentieth lot chose the life of a lion, and this was the soul of Ajax the son of Telamon, who would not be a man, remembering the injustice which was done him in the judgment about the arms. The next was Agamemnon, who took the life of an eagle, because, like Ajax, he hated human nature by reason of his sufferings. About the middle came the lot of Atalanta; she, seeing the great fame of an athlete, was unable to resist the temptation: and after her there followed the soul of Epeus the son of Panopeus passing into the nature of a woman cunning in the arts; and far away among the last who chose, the soul of the jester Thersites was putting on the form of a monkey. There came also the soul of Odysseus having yet to make a choice, and his lot happened to be the last of them all. Now the recollection of former toils had disenchanted him of ambition, and he went about for a considerable time in search of the life of a private man who had no cares; he had some difficulty in finding this, which was lying about and had been neglected by everybody else; and when he saw it, he said that he would have done the same had his lot been first instead of last, and that he was delighted to have it. And not only did men pass into animals, but I must also mention that there were animals tame and wild who changed into one another and into corresponding human natures- the good into the gentle and the evil into the savage, in all sorts of combinations. All the souls had now chosen their lives, and they went in the order of their choice to Lachesis, who sent with them the genius whom they had severally chosen, to be the guardian of their lives and the fulfiller of the choice: this genius led the souls first to Clotho, and drew them within the revolution of the spindle impelled by her hand, thus ratifying the destiny of each; and then, when they were fastened to this, carried them to Atropos, who spun the threads and made them irreversible, whence without turning round they passed beneath the throne of Necessity; and when they had all passed, they marched on in a scorching heat to the plain of Forgetfulness, which was a barren waste destitute of trees and verdure; and then towards evening they encamped by the river of Unmindfulness, whose water no vessel can hold; of this they were all obliged to drink a certain quantity, and those who were not saved by wisdom drank more than was necessary; and each one as he drank forgot all things. Now after they had gone to rest, about the middle of the night there was a thunderstorm and earthquake, and then in an instant they were driven upwards in all manner of ways to their birth, like stars shooting. He himself was hindered from drinking the water. But in what manner or by what means he returned to the body he could not say; only, in the morning, awaking suddenly, he found himself lying on the pyre. And thus, Glaucon, the tale has been saved and has not perished, and will save us if we are obedient to the word spoken; and we shall pass safely over the river of Forgetfulness and our soul will not be defiled. Wherefore my counsel is, that we hold fast ever to the heavenly way and follow after justice and virtue always, considering that the soul is immortal and able to endure every sort of good and every sort of evil. Thus shall we live dear to one another and to the gods, both while remaining here and when, like conquerors in the games who go round to gather gifts, we receive our reward. And it shall be well with us both in this life and in the pilgrimage of a thousand years which we have been describing. Some References for Platos Republic Suggestions based on: Oxford Bibliographies Online Ferrari, G. R. F. .Reeve, C. D. C. .White, Nicholas P. .Williams, Bernard. The Analogy of City and Soul in Platos Republic. The Sense of the Past: Essays in the History of Philosophy. Edited by Bernard Williams, 108-117. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

The Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives

The Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives This exercise will give you practice in effectively using the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. InstructionsComplete each sentence below with the appropriate comparative or superlative form of the adjective in italics. When youre done, compare your answers with those on page two. Her voice, which was always soft and melodious, was even _____ and sweeter than usual.All four boys were uncommonly lazy, but Jimbo was the _____ of them all.Of all the silly things people said toward the end of the twentieth century, perhaps the _____ came from the author who declared the end of history. Bright stars filled the night sky, but there was one star that was larger and _____ than the others.A loud voice is needed to command attention, but the _____ voice in the room seldom belongs to the most effective leader.Working in a library may not seem very interesting to most people, but Maggie believed that she had the _____ job in the world.My grandpa told a good joke, but I told a _____ one.Our final exam was difficult, far _____ than I had expected.Terry went directly to the shelf filled with cheap toys and picked out the _____ one he could find.Andrew didnt think the joke was very funny, but after Karen explained it, he laughed like it was the _____ joke he had ever heard.I made up a story about a beautiful bird that sang the _____ song ever heard. Gandalf says that the ring is dangerous, far _____ than anyone can imagine.You own many ugly sweaters, but this one has to be the _____ sweater in the world. Below (in bold) are the answers to the Exercise in Using the Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives. Her voice, which was always soft and melodious, was even softer and sweeter than usual.All four boys were uncommonly lazy, but Jimbo was the laziest of them all.Of all the silly things people said toward the end of the twentieth century, perhaps the silliest came from the author who declared the end of history.Bright stars filled the night sky, but there was one star that was larger and brighter than the others.A loud voice is needed to command attention, but the loudest voice seldom belongs to the most effective leader.Working in a library may not seem very interesting to most people, but Maggie believed that she had the most interesting job in the world.My grandpa told a good joke, but I told a better one.Our final exam was difficult, far more difficult than I had expected.Terry went directly to the shelf filled with cheap toys and picked out the cheapest one he could find.Andrew didnt think the joke was very funny, but after Karen explained it, he laughed like it was the funniest joke he had ever heard. I made up a story about a beautiful bird that sang the most beautiful song ever heard.Gandalf says that the ring is dangerous, far more dangerous than anyone can imagine.You own many  ugly  sweaters, but this one has to be the ugliest sweater in the world.